- Walters Ms. W.106, Bible pictures by William de Brailes
- W. de Brailes and William de Brailes
- French, Old
- This manuscript comprises twenty-four leaves of Bible pictures by W. de Brailes, an English artist active in Oxford in the middle of the thirteenth century. Seven leaves from the same set of images are now in the Musée Marmottan in Paris. These thirty-one leaves are all that remain of an image cycle that once contained at least ninety-eight miniatures, and which was the longest cycle of Bible miniatures surviving from the thirteenth century in England. In all probability these Bible pictures were actually prefatory matter to a Psalter, now Stockholm, National Museum Ms. B.2010. De Brailes also composed and wrote the captions that accompany many of the images, a pattern of production observable in other manuscripts made by him, including London, British Library Ms. Add. 49999, a richly illuminated Book of Hours apparently intended for a female owner. W. de Brailes is one of only two English artists of the thirteenth century whose name we can associate with surviving works. Eleven manuscripts have been identified that contain miniatures in his hand. De Brailes has a quirky and chatty style and is extremely gifted at turning Bible stories into paint.
For full description, see http://www.thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W106/description.html
- 1240 to 1260
- Walters Art Museum
- Walters Ms. W.15, Glossed Gospels
- This manuscript is a glossed Gospel Book made in England in the late twelfth or early thirteenth century. The glosses contain commentaries on the Gospels written by several medieval theologians: Hrabanus Maurus and John Chrysostom on Matthew, Jerome and Bede on Mark, Ambrose and Bede on Luke, and Augustine on John. Written in Gothic script, the Gospels text is enlarged with smaller script employed for the glosses. The manuscript is decorated with simple illumination, consisting only of two large initials, and numerous smaller ones marking major divisions in the text. This Gospel Book is exceptional because it contains legal formularies of Oxford origin, written on five folios. The formulary mentions the kings Richard and John, and there are also references to the churches in Oxford and Northampton. The dates within the formulary are pieces of evidence that help date the manuscript. The binding in white deer skin over oak boards is original, and the remains of the original over cover are still preserved at the fore-edge of the lower board as well.
For full description, see http://www.thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W15/description.html
- 1175 to 1225
- Walters Art Museum